Anti-Terrorism Clarification Act

Act of 2018

To amend title 18, United States Code, to clarify the meaning of the
terms ``act of war'' and ``blocked asset'', and for other
purposes. <<NOTE: Oct. 3, 2018 - [S. 2946]>>

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Anti-Terrorism
Clarification Act of 2018. 18 USC 1 note.>>
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the ``Anti-Terrorism Clarification Act of
2018''.
SEC. 2. CLARIFICATION OF THE TERM ``ACT OF WAR''.

(a) In General.--Section 2331 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended--
(1) in paragraph (4), by striking ``and'' at the end;
(2) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the end and
inserting ``; and''; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
``(6) the term `military force' does not include any person
that--
``(A) has been designated as a--
``(i) foreign terrorist organization by the
Secretary of State under section 219 of the
Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189);
or
``(ii) specially designated global terrorist
(as such term is defined in section 594.310 of
title 31, Code of Federal Regulations) by the
Secretary of State or the Secretary of the
Treasury; or
``(B) has been determined by the court to not be a
`military force'.''.

(b) <<NOTE: 18 USC 2331 note.>> Applicability.--The amendments made
by this section shall apply to any civil action pending on or commenced
after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 3. SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENTS AGAINST TERRORISTS.

(a) In General.--Section 2333 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by inserting at the end following:
``(e) Use of Blocked Assets to Satisfy Judgments of U.S.
Nationals.--For purposes of section 201 of the Terrorism Risk Insurance
Act of 2002 (28 U.S.C. 1610 note), in any action in which a national of
the United States has obtained a judgment against a terrorist party
pursuant to this section, the term `blocked asset' shall include any
asset of that terrorist party (including the blocked assets of any
agency or instrumentality of that party) seized or frozen by the United
States under section 805(b) of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation
Act (21 U.S.C. 1904(b)).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3184]]

(b) <<NOTE: 18 USC 2333 note.>> Applicability.--The amendments made
by this section shall apply to any judgment entered before, on, or after
the date of enactment of this Act.
SEC. 4. CONSENT OF CERTAIN PARTIES TO PERSONAL JURISDICTION.

(a) In General.--Section 2334 of title 18, United States Code, is
amended by adding at the end the following:
``(e) Consent of Certain Parties to Personal Jurisdiction.--
``(1) <<NOTE: Effective dates.>> In general.--Except as
provided in paragraph (2), for purposes of any civil action
under section 2333 of this title, a defendant shall be deemed to
have consented to personal jurisdiction in such civil action if,
regardless of the date of the occurrence of the act of
international terrorism upon which such civil action was filed,
the defendant--
``(A) after the date that is 120 days after the date
of enactment of this subsection, accepts--
``(i) any form of assistance, however
provided, under chapter 4 of part II of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et
seq.);
``(ii) any form of assistance, however
provided, under section 481 of the Foreign
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291) for
international narcotics control and law
enforcement; or
``(iii) any form of assistance, however
provided, under chapter 9 of part II of the
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2349bb
et seq.); or
``(B) in the case of a defendant benefiting from a
waiver or suspension of section 1003 of the Anti-
Terrorism Act of 1987 (22 U.S.C. 5202) after the date
that is 120 days after the date of enactment of this
subsection--
``(i) continues to maintain any office,
headquarters, premises, or other facilities or
establishments within the jurisdiction of the
United States; or
``(ii) establishes or procures any office,
headquarters, premises, or other facilities or
establishments within the jurisdiction of the
United States.
``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>> Applicability.--Paragraph (1)
shall not apply to any defendant who ceases to engage in the
conduct described in paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) for 5
consecutive calendar years.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 3185]]

(b) <<NOTE: 18 USC 2334 note.>> Applicability.--The amendments made
by this section shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

Approved October 3, 2018.